When speaking of objectives of diets, one must know that there are numerous objectives that can be achieved:
1. THE MOST COMMON objective is loss of excess body fat;
2. Medical objectives;
3. Increase body fat and / or muscle weight gain.
There are many other objectives of diets, but let’s try to focus on these three:
1. LOSS OF EXCESS BODY FAT
Sometimes, short-term dieting is not even effective. When reducing the food supply, the body reacts in an opposite way (by forming excess fat as a starvation response), once normal eating is resumed. Short crash dieting leads to less body fat on the short-term and to excess body fat shortly after the diet is ended. Therefore, it has a negative effect on the long-term.
2. MEDICAL DIETS
These types of diets are focused on including or excluding certain nutrients (increasing or decreasing the consumption of food that contains them). The most important types of medical oriented diets are:
1. Diet designed to manage blood sugar level – Diabetes;
2. Gluten-free diet – Celiac disease;
3. Ketogenic diet – Epileptics;
4. Milk free diet – Lactose-intolerant;
5. Low-sodium diet – Kidney diseases;
6. Diet rich in fruits and vegetables and low in fat and sodium – Hypertensive.
3. INCREASE BODY FAT AND/OR MUSCLE WEIGHT GAIN
These types of diets are mainly used by athletes to: